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What Kind of Stone Were Basement Walls Made Of?

I can't remember the exact type of stone my basement walls were built from, but my mother dated them back to the late 1800s. The stone washed out of the stones in the corner where the building's foundation met the outside of the property. I also don't remember whether she installed a water line or not. We can't be sure of the exact type of stone we used, but we can still be reasonably sure it was stone.

The stones were dry laid, though there were later houses with mortared stone basement walls. By the 20th century, stone and brick foundations were replaced by concrete and brick. The concrete foundations were then sealed with a special paint. Precast concrete panels were introduced in the 1980s, which offered the same benefits as brick and stone, but with added insulation and strength. Today, a common technique for repairing a stone foundation is to use a shotcrete application.

Random rubble, the least expensive type of stonework, was the most common type. This technique, in which stone is thrown on top of each other, was a very popular method of construction. In this way, the largest stones would be placed in the corners. And the cut was done with a stone hammer. In addition, these buildings were usually not very well-insulated and had problems with flooding and sewage backup.

A basement wall made of random rubble is often very thin, which makes it difficult for water to penetrate the wall. Fortunately, the material used for these walls was readily available on the property, so it's important to choose the right type. For instance, random rubble will be more resistant to water and withstand varying temperatures. And if the stone has a poor aesthetic finish, it's best to use bricks, which look better and are easier to maintain than random rubble.

The most common type of stone foundation walls were built of bricks, which are typically set on top of stone. In old buildings, a stone foundation wall may be as thick as a brick wall, but it's still more durable than a brick one. The same goes for a basement wall made of plaster. Some homes were built with these types of foundation walls, but they were made of plaster, which is much more fragile.

Another type of stone was used for the basement walls. Earlier buildings that didn't have any sewage or plumbing were built on stone foundations. While the majority of homes had bricks, it's not uncommon to find older homes with stone walls. These older buildings are typically built with stone foundations. As a result, these walls were made of mortared-stone. And they were usually quite thick at the base, allowing water to permeate and drain through the wall.

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